Heart Conditions

This refers to chest pain due to obstructed blood flow to the heart muscle. Angina is generally a symptom of coronary artery disease. It is generally described as tightness or pain or pressure in the chest. Angina can resolve or can lead to a heart attack (myocardial infarction). It can be a recurring problem or a sudden and acute health problem.

  • Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when an artery supplying blood to the heart is blocked either fully or partially, most often by a build up of cholesterol, fat and other substances which form plaques in the arteries that supply the heart

A heart attack is also known as a myocardial infarction and it can be fatal.

  • Coronary Artery Disease

This develops when the main blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen, blood and nutrients become damaged and diseased. Generally plaque (cholesterol) deposits in the arteries along with inflammation are the main causes for coronary artery disease. As the plaque builds up, the arteries narrow resulting in decreased blood flow to the heart. This decreased blood flow can cause chest pain and other signs of coronary artery disease but a complete blockage can cause a heart attack.

Oftentimes coronary artery disease develops over several years and may not become an issue until a heart attack or major blockage occurs.

The following risk factors increase your risk of angina, heart attacks and coronary artery disease:

  •  Obesity
  • Diabetes.
  • High cholesterol levels.
  • High triglyceride levels.
  •  Lack of exercise.
  •  Smoking.
  • Stress
  • Family history.


There is plenty you can do to prevent and treat coronary artery disease, angina and heart attacks:

  • Reduce levels of overweight and obesity and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Reduce your cholesterol levels.
  • Control your blood pressure.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Prevent the development of diabetes or keep diabetes under control.
  • Increase exercise levels.

Losing even 10% of your weight can help lower your risk of developing any of these heart conditions. Here at Orsmond clinics we offer a variety of diets than can help you achieve a 10% weight loss and more within different time frames.